Addendum to the previous post: the absence of liberation theology in Singapore today might be caused by Operation Spectrum in 1987, where the government arrested 16 people over the so-called “Marxist conspiracy”. Some of the 16 were Catholic church workers and I guess they were an easy target to be linked with Communist threats, as liberation theology, which began within the Catholic Church in Latin America, is indeed influenced by Marxist thoughts. Although it would be entirely different story to actually accuse these workers of planning Marxist conspiracy in Singapore. Nevertheless, the permanent damage has been done. The church eventually submitted to the state, and it has been tamed ever since.