On views of God presented in the Old Testament (‘YHWH-alone’, ‘YHWH-and-other-gods’, ‘pantheon of gods’, etc.), personally I think there are diverse opinions among the Israelites themselves. My recent Bible reading came up with an example.

“Will you not possess what Chemosh your god gives you to possess? And all that the YHWH our God has dispossessed before us, we will possess.” (Jdg 11.24)

It was Jephthah (a judge of Israel) who said this, and I take this as Jephthah thought (or believe that) the Israelites had a god whose name was YHWH while the Ammonites had a god whose name was Chemosh. Jephthah was a henotheist, so to speak. He worshipped one god, but he didn’t deny the reality and existence of other gods.

It was quite different with, say, views presented in Isa 45.21-22, “And there is no other god besides me… there is none besides me… for I am God, and there is no other”, which was strictly monotheistic, so to speak.

However, perhaps it was safe to say that after the exile (and then to the Second Temple Judaism era) these diversities converged into a single strand, i.e., genuine monotheism, which was of course later on mutated by the early Christians by including Jesus (and the Spirit) into the mix. (cf. Isa 45.21-22 & 1 Cor 8.4-6)


3 thoughts on “chemosh

  1. d

    productive arent we.

    i tink, they know there is other gods but Y is ‘the best’ ?

    soalnya musa elia jg tantang2an to prove kan.

    i tink the pure mono+deny came from skeptical western, which deny everything spiritual. (but proud enuf not to deny what they believe)

    1. septian Post author

      haha ya, i just cant keep it out from my head; and the solution is to blog (the temptation is so great, indeed).

      yes, i agree that perhaps similar thing could be said about moses and elijah. its just that this text in Judges is the first one that i could remember, since i just read about it.

      and yes, i would agree also that these classifications were based on western post-enlightenment tradition. though on the other hand, i just cant break out from that particular context. im yellow, but im so white in my learning. but then, perhaps it is useful to lay out our hermeneutical principle (in Enns’ word, ‘theological pre-commitment’) explicitly. =)

      anw, happy long weekend =D


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s